Our glossary

Our glossary contains an overview of all the important terms with explanations in alphabetical order. Please use our contact form for any further questions.

With best regards
Your SWISS FOOD Team

Swiss Organic Ordinance: SR 910.18

The ordinance of 22 September 1997 on organic farming and the labelling of organically produced products of foodstuffs


BRC – Global Standard

The BRC standard is a standard of the British Retail Consortium and was introduced in 1998. Along with the IFS standard, it has the greatest significance for all companies wishing to export food to British retailers.
In practical terms, it is applied at production and management levels. The fifth version of the BRC standard (Version 5) has been valid since 1 June 2008.


Coceral GHP

Global standard packaging food 
Certification for food and animal feed in accordance with the requirements of the European code of good trading practice (GHP) for food and feed based on HACCP in accordance with the Codex Alimentarius.

GTP (Good Trade Practice) or GHP (Gute Handelspraxis)
This standard was drawn up and published by COCERAL. GTP represents simplified systems for quality assurance in the storage, preparation and transportation of grain and other field crops. Users of this standard are traders.

Objective: To ensure that goods are traded according to the best currently available professional standards and in line with  European legislation in order to retain the confidence of consumers.


FAMI-QS

Do you import products for the animal feed chain from third countries? Then this standard could be important for you!

In 2004, 12 globally operating companies that produce feed additives and premixed fodder grouped together. They developed a standard that both complies with the requirements and appropriate standards on hygiene demanded by the EU regulations and that can also be used for companies in the industry concerned.

The objectives of this standard are to guarantee the safety of additives and premixes as well as to ensure traceability at every stage of the animal feed chain. All this is to take place in accordance with the requirements of the European animal feed hygiene.


FSSC22000 + PAS 220

FSSC 22000 is based on the ISO 22000:2005 specifically designed for the food manufacturing industry and is much better suited to the specific requirements of the food industry. Harmonised by representatives of European trade and renowned food companies, the specification PAS 220:2008 sets all the key elements on track to meet the specific requirements of the Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI).

This standard guarantees you high quality food , which not only provides safety for the consumer but also gives you – the manufacturer – the confidence to survive in the market.


Global GAP

The GLOBAL GAP standard was primarily developed to gain the confidence of the consumer in the agricultural production of food. This is to be achieved by reducing the environmentally-damaging influences of agriculture, reducing the use of medication and chemical pesticides as well as by implementing measures for the safety and health of people and animals.

GLOBAL GAP serves as a practical manual of good agricultural practice (GAP) anywhere in the world. It is based on an equal partnership of agricultural producers and traders wishing to establish efficient certification standards and methods.


GMP+

Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP+) stands for good quality and quality assurance in the animal feed sector.

The Dutch Trade Association for animal feed has transferred the statutory requirements of the food processing industry to the animal feed sector, thereby achieving close interaction between these two areas.

The aim of the objective of the HACCP system: Controlling hazards for the health of the end consumer –this could not be implemented successfully without involving the animal feed sector. This standard has also adopted the subject of traceability and risk assessment, which have been successfully implemented in companies.

An early warning system for better communication and risk elimination was set up and has been successfully practised ever since.


Gost-R

The so-called GOST-R certificates are the only truly reliable proof of quality in Russia. The respective law was adopted in 2004. The usual certificates such as ISO or IFS are unknown in Russia and also not even recognised.

The entire GOST-R procedure is very extensive and must be addressed on a case-by-case basis.


HACCP-requirements

Regulation 852/2004 on food hygiene came into effect on 1 January 2006. Article 5 of this regulation requires food business operators to establish, implement and maintain and constantly adopt a HACCP/self-control system.

All companies that come into contact with foodstuffs must now successfully establish and maintain a procedure based on the HACCP principles and adequately demonstrate compliance to the food control authorities.


HACCP-Hazard Analysis

Anyone who manufactures, processes, stores, transports or supplies food and/or luxury products, is obliged to have a concept, which includes risk, hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP) in accordance with VO EU 852/2004.

This concept may include for example:
assembling a HACCP team
organisation of training courses
the guarantee of good manufacturing practice in the fields of product and production hygiene
staff hygiene, cleaning and disinfection, pest control

The VO EU 852/2004 also demands you create flow charts to be regularly reviewed and adapted to the respective requirements.


HACCP concept

The HACCP concept is a systematic way of ensuring food safety. The process is a departure from the final inspection of the product to process control. The transition from final inspection to preventive measures poses entirely new challenges to mass caterers.

The new legislation attaches particular importance to the implementation of a detailed risk analysis and the presentation of its results. This is precisely where interfaces to other food standards calling for a similar approach (e.g. IFS, ISO 22000 ...) exist.


Health Claims Regulation

The Health Claims Regulation is Regulation EC No 1924/2006 of the European Parliament and the Council of 20 December 2006 on nutrition and health claims made on foods.

Health and consumer protection:
Consumers should be better informed about the composition of foods and food ingredients.
Harmonisation of the EU Single Market:
The legal security of all economic operators in the European union is to be increased by EU harmonised rules.


IFS Household & Personal Care Standard (HPC)

The HPC standard is the new standard for companies that process or handle household and personal care products.

Products that are included in the scope of the standard are:
Cosmetic products: e.g. shampoo, toothpaste, temporary tattoos, make up for children or dolls, plasters, etc.
Chemical household products: Products to improve odours, insecticides, cleaning and polishing agents.
Household articles: e.g. cardboard and plastic cups/plates/cutlery, rubbish bags, sponges, etc.
Products for personal care: e.g. hairbrushes, wipes, wigs, jewellery, toothpicks, dental floss, etc.


IFS – International Food Standard

The IFS is a food safety and quality standard in one. It was designed to examine the competence of food producers for the safety and quality of food by means of a tool. This saves time and money.

The IFS is risk based. This allows you to develop your own solution to best match your objectives. During the audit, the IFS auditor examines whether your solution works and ensures the manufacture of safe products. The IFS does not require any special procedures or machines if these are not necessary to devise a safe process for your production.


ISO 22000 – the food safety standard

The standard ISO 22000:2005 has been valid for the entire food supply chain since 30 September 2005. ISO 22004, the so-called implementing provision, necessary for this was published in early November 2005.

The aim of this standard is a global harmonisation of food safety. There are many interfaces to existing standards such as the IFS and BRC, for example. In many aspects, the standard conforms to the requirements of Regulation (EU) 852/ 2004. ISO 22005:2005 can be used within the whole food chain.


ISO 27001:2005

The international standard ISO 27001 specifies requirements for the production, implementation, handling, controlling, maintenance and improvement of a documented management system for information security taking into account the risks within the entire organisation. All manner of organisations (e.g. trading companies, government organisations, non-profit organisations) are taken into consideration.

The ISO / IEC 27001: 2005 is to be applicable in different areas, in particular:

In formulating the requirements and objectives for information security
For cost-effective management of security risks
To ensure compliance with laws and regulations
As a process framework for the implementation and management of measures aimed at ensuring the specific objectives for information security
In defining new information security management processes
In defining information security management activities
zur Definition von Informationssicherheits-Managementtätigkeiten
For use by internal and external auditors to determine the degree of implementation of guidelines and standards


ISO 30000 – standard on the topic of risk management

In October 2009, the globally applicable standard on the topic of risk management was published together with the revised ISO IEC Guide 73 “Vocabulary”.

The three principles enshrined in the ISO 31000:
Risk management viewed as a management task,
it attempts to implement a top-down approach,
the ISO 31000 is a very general standard attempting to factor in all the different risks within an organisation.

To ensure wide application, the ISO 31000 has been designed to be rather general.
For the ISO 31000 to be applied successfully, three guides were also published:

Embedding risk management into the management system
Methods of risk assessment
Emergency, crisis and continuity management

In addition:
The entire system is also based on the principle of the PDCA cycle (Plan – Do – Check – Act).
The ISO 31000 attempts to chart ALL risks and their resolution in an organisation --> Top-down method.


OHSAS 18001:2007

Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series (OHSAS)  is very closely modelled on the ISO 9001 and 14001 and promises comprehensive occupational health & safety.

Are you interested in further information?
Do you want to enquire how the new standard is establishing itself?

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